Nike Peter Launch Battery
Date Activated: March 1959
Date Deactivated: May 1971
Nearest Town: Eielson AFB (15 miles East)
Defense Area: Fairbanks
Latitude: 64 40.4435
Longitude: -146 45.0471666666667
The northern half of the Alaskan defenses, the Fairbanks area consisted of five sites around Fort Wainwright and Eielson AFB, and hosted US Army Alaska Air Defense Group. Fairbanks was particularly notable for being the first defense to live fire from one of its own sites; on December 16th 1959, B/2/562d launched a Hercules from Site Peter.
Ladd AFB served as an Alaskan Air Command fighter interceptor installation through January 1st 1961, when it was turned over to the Army. USARAL activated the site as Fort Wainwright. Eielson AFB served as a cold weather test facility and hosted rotational bombers and tankers under the 4157th STRATW. The Fairbanks sites closed down as part of the 1971 Defense cut backs, leaving Anchorage as the sole remaining Nike defense in Alaska.